Dark circles can affect males or females of any age and ethnicity for a variety of reasons. Genetics, aging, and lifestyle factors may play a very important part in the development of under-eye dark circles. Dark circles are often blamed on tiredness and lack of adequate sleep. Apart from these, there are various other causes that could be responsible for dark circles. These include allergies, iron deficiency anemia, photo exposure, aging, smoking, the genetic makeup of the person, thyroid disorders, dehydration, dermatitis and repeated rubbing of eyes.
These may appear blue/dark brown/black, depending on the color of the skin. The thin skin of the eyelids also accentuates the dark appearance. These dark circles are rarely a cause for concern, but people may wish to reduce the pigmentation for a better cosmetic appearance.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with quality sleep, a balanced diet and proper hydration may prevent dark circles formation. If you are concerned about dark circles, you can see a dermatologist at Dr. Titoria’s Clinics for treatment options.
Topical depigmentary creams when used singly or in combinations help in reducing dark circles but may cause irritation of the sensitive under-eye skin.
Kojic acid is a natural, fungus derived product that reduces pigmentation. It may, however, cause reddening of the skin sometimes.
It is a safe long term treatment option for under eye dark circles.
Topical vitamin C
Studies show a response to 10% vitamin C topically over a few months.
Alpha hydroxy acid peels, like glycolic acid, lighten under-eye hyperpigmentation. It may be used in combination with the topical creams for better results.
Laser toning with ND-Yag can be an effective treatment for dark circles.
This is the best treatment for dark circles as the most common cause for the darker appearance of under eyes is the presence of tear troughs due to loss of subcutaneous fat with aging and thinning of the overlying skin. Injecting hyaluronic acid lifts the skin up and improves the under-eye appearance.
Blepharoplasty can be considered when the dark color is due to extra skin around the eye.
As the under-eye skin is extremely delicate to ensure that only a certified dermatologist treats under eye dark circles.