Injection lipolysis reduces the number of fat cells around the site of injection using chemicals (deoxycholic acid and phosphatidylcholine) which results in fat cell disruption and its death. Injection lipolysis is a type of body contouring procedure and it is not a treatment for obesity. It is a nonsurgical procedure and requires multiple sessions with a long lag phase for the final result to be apparent. Also, one must understand that injection lipolysis is not the same as mesotherapy. The basic difference between the two is that both are delivered in the different layers of the skin -
- Mesotherapy involves intradermal injections
- Injection lipolysis works on the subcutaneous level.
An ideal candidate for injection lipolysis is the one who has small amounts of excess fat in the specific body parts. Wonderful results can be achieved with this procedure if the excess fat is easily compressible and is of uniform texture. This is why injection lipolysis has also been used by surgeons for eliminating the remaining fat pockets after liposuction.
After the local anesthesia has been injected, a precise amount of mentioned medication is injected in a grid pattern into pre-marked skin.
There is no downtime but commonly encountered post-procedure complaints are pain, edema, erythema, bruising and stinging. However, these are temporary and subside within hours to 2–3 days. There might be swelling over the area and it can look fuller than it did before treatment, but as the fat cells are disrupted and the inflammation subsides, fullness also reduces. Most patients see results in 5 to 6 weeks. Generally, at least two sessions spaced 4 to 6 weeks apart are recommended for optimum results. Patients can have up to six treatments to the area under the chin.
Although liposuction is the gold standard for the reduction of subcutaneous fat, injection lipolysis has its advantages of minimal downtime, less invasiveness, and most importantly psychological satisfaction of avoiding surgery. The results of injection lipolysis are long-lasting unless the patient gains weight.