Male Pattern Baldness / Androgenetic Alopecia: In this condition there will be an ‘M’ shaped receding of the frontal hair line. Sometimes hair loss may start from the crown. It is genetically determined or could be because of excessive androgens.
Alopecia Areata: This is an autoimmune condition resulting in patchy or entire loss of hair.
Trichotillomania: This condition is a psychiatric impulsive condition where there is an urge to pull out hair.
Stress: Extreme physical or mental stress can cause hair fall (Telogen Effluvium)
Thyroid disorders: Hypothyroid may cause hair loss in many people.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy causes a gradual or dramatic hair loss (Anagen Effluvium) but this is a temporary phenomenon.
Infection: Scalp infections like Tinea capitis might cause hair loss as well, But this is most common in children.
Malnutrition: Excessive weight loss and unhealthy lifestyle like smoking also cause hair fall.
If the hair fall is due to an underlying disease or medical condition, the primary cause needed to be treated or corrected. Apart from treating the underlying cause, and depending on severity of hair fall, a dermatologist may offer the below-mentioned treatments:
Medication: From topical lotions and creams to anti-inflammatory medications, depending upon the cause of hair fall, these medications can boost hair growth, while calming the inflamed and damaged hair follicles. Anti-androgens act by blocking the action of the male sex hormone and prevents androgenetic alopecia.
LLLT: Low Level Laser Light involves the use of a laser light to increase hair growth.
PRP treatment: The platelet rich plasma taken from your own blood when injected into the scalp boosts hair growth.
Hair Transplant: Hair replacement through surgical techniques, such as FUE and FUT, provides great help to individuals suffering from hair loss and has developed bald patches due to genes or hereditary factors.
Scalp Micropigmentation: When hair transplantation is not feasible natural pigments are punctured into the scalp giving a coverage to the balding scalp.