Facial rejuvenation effectively reduces skin aging signs like wrinkles, loose skin, sun-damaged skin, spots and skin tone. Skin rejuvenation depends on multiple factors which include age, health, skin type, and the degree of skin damage. Patients may require multiple sessions for longer-lasting results. It can be classified into the following categories:
Topical Products These may be prescribed or over the counter products and also useful for preventing aging signs and sun damage. They reduce the need for repeated procedures.
Fillers and Anti-wrinkle Injections
Dermal fillers (hyaluronic acid) are used to "plump" up the hollowing areas of the face and give it a smoother and younger appearance. They also effectively correct depressions and scars.
Anti-wrinkle injections relax the targeted muscles and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and lines over the forehead, around the eyes, on the bridge of the nose and to diminish visible neckbands.
Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion
Dermabrasion is a resurfacing of the skin using abrasive materials to mechanically remove the outermost layer of the skin to achieve a rejuvenated look.
Microdermabrasion (MDA) follows the same principle but uses micro-particles to stimulate new skin growth. This non-invasive procedure produces virtually nil discomfort, requires no anesthesia and involves practically no recovery time. It is repeated once in 2-3 weeks.
Chemical peels cause exfoliation of the outermost layer of the skin and are used to treat skin depigmentation, aging spots, dull skin, and acne scars. The new skin that grows is smoother and more even in color. They may produce redness and peeling similar to that of a sunburn. Sometimes the peeling may last for a few days, depending on the strength of the peel.
Laser Resurfacing (Ablative Lasers)
It can effectively correct wrinkles, scars, depigmentation and broken blood vessels. It is also effective for blemishes on the face, neck and can moderately tighten loose and sagging skin.
They work at deeper layers of the skin to stimulate collagen growth and tighten the overlying skin. It corrects fine lines with little to no healing time.
It is non-invasive and targets the precise areas of skin damage without damaging the surrounding, uninvolved skin.
Intense pulsed light (IPL)
It uses a broad spectrum of light and allows filtration of a specific wavelength. It can hence be used for various indications like vascular lesions, improving skin texture and color, hair reduction and to reduce open pore size.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
PRP helps to improve fine lines, skin tightening and pigmentation.
This is a non-invasive technology that causes skin tightening and can hence lead to a lifting of the face, brows, and cheeks avoiding surgeries and downtime.
A number of age-related outgrowths of the skin and scars can be excised surgically making the face appear better.