Birth Mark Removal

Whether your birthmarks are small, large or raised; if you don't like it you can get it removed with laser treatment. 

A birthmark is a usually dark brown or black colored mark that is present on or under the skin ever since one is born. They can be of various shapes, sizes, and colors such as blue, black, brown, tan, pink, red, and white. Most birthmarks are painless but people may want to get these removed for cosmetic purpose, for e.g. a big birthmark on the cheeks may not look very aesthetically appealing. With the help of the leading dermatologist in Noida, Dr. Satish Titoria, only in a few laser sessions, birthmarks can be improved efficiently and effectively.

Types of Birthmarks

1. Pigmented Birthmarks

As the name suggests, excess of pigment cells in a particular area, cause pigmented birthmarks. A holistic approach is used that targets the birthmarks with a laser beam. The laser changes the molecular composition of melanin. The sessions for laser treatment is carried out until the melanin of the birthmark is no longer recognized to be different. It may take 4-8 sessions for removing excessive melanin and finding the normal skin (with no birthmarks). The procedure may include using a formulated cream that acts as a catalyst for maximum effectiveness.


Types Of Pigmented Birthmarks

1.1 Cafe-au-lait spots 

In French, cafe-au-lait means coffee with milk. Hence, these spots are light brown in color. These are flat and mostly harmless but do not disappear with time.

1.2 Mongolian Spots

These spots are bluish-grey in color, often uneven in shape and found on lower back and buttocks.

1.3 Congenital Moles

These are usually big and dark moles, brown in color. It can be found in any part of the body. People with such big moles are at higher risk of having skin cancer. Hence, these moles need to be treated at the earliest. 


2. Vascular Birthmarks

Sometimes, the blood vessels are formed incorrectly. This leads to discoloration of the skin and creates vascular birthmarks. Here, a different approach is followed. The laser energy is adjusted to target the hemoglobin present in the blood that fills the birthmarks. Laser energy is absorbed by hemoglobin. This vaporizes the blood and breaks down the abnormal micro-capillaries. Depending upon the complexity of the birthmark, typically 4-8 laser sessions are done to find a beautiful birthmark-free skin.


Types of Vascular Birthmarks

2.1 Hemangioma 

These are rubbery, bright red in color, found in premature infants, usually on face, scalp, chest or back. These marks generally disappear within a year after birth else laser therapy is used.

2.2 Salmon Patches 

Also known as Angel Kisses or Stork Bites, these are flat, thin and light pink in color and usually appear on the neck's back, upper lip, or on the eye area.

2.3 Port-wine Stain 

As the name suggests, these are dark reddish-purple in color. These may cover a small or relatively large body area and are usually flat in texture.

Different types of lasers used to remove Birthmarks

1. Q-Switched YAG (QSY) Laser 

Blackish-brown pigmented birthmarks can be treated with this laser. Cells with extra pigment absorb the laser light. This destroys pigment granules without affecting the surrounding tissues.

2. Long-Pulsed YAG Laser

This laser is used to treat vascular birthmarks like bluish-looking veins, or haemangiomas that do not disappear before the school age. Deeply penetrating infrared light offers amazing results.

3. V-Beam Laser/Candela Laser

If you have port-wine stains, spider veins, haemangiomas or persistent facial redness, this laser effectively destroys very small blood vessels in the skin.

4. CO2 Ablative Lasers

These are one of the most advanced lasers. A light beam, emitted by CO2 ablative laser, vaporizes the tissue instantly. It helps to get away with abnormal tissues raised above the skin surface like facial lumps, epidermal nevi, warty birthmarks, etc. The doctor may apply a specific treatment to prevent scabbing.

For more details about birthmark removal, please feel free to get in touch with us.