Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease that most commonly affects children during their first year of life. Although it can occur at any phase of life, but is also commonly noted in older children and occasionally in adults. This disease causes inflammation and severe itching that many a times leads to skin infection. These rashes are commonly seen over the scalp, neck, cheeks and face. As the child grows older and with increasing age inadults, the rashes mainly appear in body creases and folds.
The exact cause of atopic dermatitis is still under research but it is believed that people with the following are at risk of developing atopic dermatitis-
Dermatitis is not caused by food allergies but people with dermatitis are allergic to a certain type of food like milk and other dairy products, shellfish and nuts.
If left untreated, atopic dermatitis may results in:
More than half of the children with atopic dermatitis develop asthma and hay fever by the age of 13.
Atopic dermatitis can cause the affected skin to become discolored, thick and leathery.
Repeated scratching that breaks the skin can cause cracks and open sores. These increase the risk of pathogen invasion and infection.
This especially affects people whose core work requires their hands to be wet and exposed to detergents, harsh soaps, and disinfectants.
The itch-scratch cycle can result in poor sleep quality.
It’s important to visit the dermatologist for treatment to control the disease and prevent it from worsening. Treatment includes medicines to control itching, reduce skin inflammation (redness and swelling) and get rid of the infection.
To prevent relapse, the dermatologist will also suggest lifestyle modifications that are very helpful and important to manage the disease.
Ways to ease discomfort
Choosing the right clothes
In case you have a concern or query, you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!