Around 3% of the population of the world is affected by chronic skin disorder, psoriasis, which is triggered by an overactive immune system. Primarily affecting adults, the most common type of the condition is plaque psoriasis and is seen in people suffering from high blood sugar, heart disorders and obesity.
The symptoms of the disease may vary from one individual to another, and the most common ones include plaques of red skin, scaling of the skin, and flakes coming out of areas such as knees, elbows and scalp.
Understanding the condition
Psoriasis can be of various types, plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, and so on depending upon the medical symptoms. When the entire surface of the skin is fiery red and skin is shedding in sheets, all these are the conditions of erythrodermic psoriasis while palmoplantar psoriasis affects the palms and causes sores. Nail psoriasis causes yellow pitted nails which are often misdiagnosed with nail fungus.
In recent times, it has been found that people with psoriasis tend to have high blood sugar, high blood lipids and also suffer from different types of cardiovascular diseases. Around 40% of the psoriasis patients also experience symptoms of arthritis such as inflammation in the joints. In such cases, the disease is termed as psoriatic arthritis.
Patients suffering from psoriasis may experience symptoms such as:
It mainly affects children and young adults, and the occurrence of this type of psoriasis is less than 2% of cases. People affected by it displays symptoms such as pink or red spots. The target areas are thighs, upper arms and scalp area.
This type of psoriasis showcases red but smooth and shiny scaleless skin. It mostly affects areas such as groin, armpits, skin folds and area under the breast.
The most common type of psoriasis is the plague type and displays symptoms such as red skin with silvery and white scales. Lower back, elbows, knees, and scalp are some of the areas affected by it.
This is the least common type of psoriasis, however, it is the most serious type. Severe itching of the skin along with peeling and burning sensation are some of the signs of this type of psoriasis
Again, a not so common type of psoriasis and mostly affects adults and is not infectious in nature. It can lead to a fast heartbeat, fever, chills, nausea along with muscle weakness.
Scalp psoriasis is seen as red, itchy areas with silvery-white scales. In children psoriasis often appears first on the scalp. Flakes of dead skin may be noticed in your hair or on your shoulders, specially after scratching the scalp. These scaly areas, which bleed when removed, may extend beyond the hairline.
Nail psoriasis is psoriasis that affects fingernails and toenails resulting in pitting, abnormal nail growth and discoloration. Such nails may become loose and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis). In severe cases the entire nail plate may crumble.
Palmoplantar psoriasis symmetrically involves palms and soles. It is seen as a pinkish-yellow lesion. Scaling is predominant. Thick patches may develop fissuring and may get infected.