Follicular unit extraction, also known as follicular transfer (FT), is one of the primary methods of obtaining hair follicles, for hair transplantation. This is a minimally invasive procedure in which follicular unit grafts (groups of one to four hair), are individually removed from the genetically hormone independent areas of the scalp (‘donor’ areas) and artistically restored over balding areas (‘recipient’ areas).
In the FUE hair transplant procedure, the recipient areas are identified and marked. The donor area is then trimmed to facilitate the extraction of follicular grafts. The FUE procedure starts with anesthesia to numb the scalp. After this, using appropriate instruments, the dermatologist/plastic surgeon extracts individual follicular units from the donor area. The grafts are then prepared for placement by skilled technicians. The grafts are isolated, prepared and maintained in optimal conditions. These follicular units are arranged into different groups depending on the number of hair contained within each follicle.
Tiny incisions are made in the recipient area in the direction of the patient’s natural hair growth pattern. Finally, the follicular grafts are strategically placed one after the other, according to the number of hair within each follicle, to maximize the naturalness and density of the thinning areas.
Healing completes in a few days. Three months after the procedure, patients begin to notice new hair growth. After six months, patients will notice significant regrowth, at which point transplanted hair will continue to grow naturally.